How to Identify the Real Gemstone: A Beginner's Guide
Gemstones have fascinated humans for centuries, and their allure continues to captivate us to this day. Whether you're a budding gem enthusiast or just curious about the gemstones you own or want to purchase, learning how to identify real gemstones is a valuable skill. With so many imitations and synthetic gemstones in the market, it's crucial to know how to distinguish the real deal. In this interactive blog, we'll take you on a journey through the world of gemstone identification. Let's dive in!
1. The Visual Inspection:
- Color: Start by examining the color of the gemstone. Real gemstones typically have rich and vibrant colors. Be wary of overly bright or unnatural hues, as they might indicate a fake gem.
- Inclusions: Look for inclusions or imperfections within the gemstone. Many real gemstones have tiny flaws or unique characteristics that set them apart from synthetics or imitations.
- Transparency: Observe the gemstone's transparency or opacity. Some gems are naturally translucent or even transparent, while others are more opaque.
2. Hardness Test:
Mohs Scale: Use the Mohs Scale of Mineral Hardness as a reference. Real gemstones have specific levels of hardness, which can help you distinguish them from imitations. For example, a diamond will scratch almost any other substance due to its high hardness.
3. Density and Specific Gravity:
- Weigh the Gem: Measure the gem's weight in grams using a precise scale. Then, calculate its specific gravity by dividing the gem's weight by its volume (weight/volume). Compare this value to the specific gravity of known gemstones to identify potential matches. Simply said a natural gemstone will have more weight to the gemstone, and also be cool to the touch.
5. UV Light Test:
- Fluorescence: Expose the gemstone to ultraviolet (UV) light. Some gemstones exhibit fluorescence, emitting a unique color when exposed to UV light. This can help confirm the authenticity of certain gems.
6. Seek Professional Assessment:
- Certification: For valuable gemstones, consider getting a professional gemological assessment and certification from a reputable lab. This is especially crucial if you're buying or selling high-value gemstones.
7. Trustworthy Sources:
- Buy from Reputable Dealers: Purchase gemstones from well-established and trustworthy sources. Reputable dealers are more likely to sell genuine gemstones and provide authentication.
8. Educate Yourself:
- Study Gemology: Take courses in gemology or read books on the subject. The more you know about gemstones, their properties, and their origins, the better equipped you'll be to identify real gemstones.
9. Stay Informed:
- Keep Up with Trends: Stay informed about current gemstone market trends and the latest gemstone treatments. The gemstone industry is always evolving, and new treatments and synthetics are continually being developed.
Identifying real gemstones can be both a fascinating hobby and a valuable skill, whether you're a collector, jewelry enthusiast, or buyer. While the methods discussed here can help you make informed assessments, remember that expertise in gemology takes time to develop. Don't hesitate to seek professional guidance when in doubt. Happy gem hunting!